Class 10 English Chapter 10 : CBSE, NCERT Notes Summary

CBSE Class 10 English Chapter 10 – For Anne Gregory – Downloads PDF

For Anne Gregory (Poem)

The Sermon at Benares is a story associated with Lord Budhha. He gave his first sermon in Benaras. He made Kisa Gotami, a lady who came to seek his help to revitalize her dead son, realize that humans are mortal. Lord Buddha explained to her that death is inevitable. Further, he taught that a wise person should not mourn over the natural phenomena that are bound to happen. This chapter is a spiritual lesson in itself. Thus, it appears in the exams quite often. To study it from the perspective of examination, students can refer to the PDF Noted provided by GharPeShiksha. Students can supplement their reading with the PDF Notes provided by GharPeShiksha. The study material available at the website of GharPeShiksha has helped numerous students enhance their understanding of this chapter and its teachings. The material contains the chapter’s vocabulary with meaning, textbook exercise questions with solutions, previous year questions with solutions, important questions that may come in the exam, teachings of the chapter, model answer sheet, and many more things compiled by expert teachers. You can download the PDFs through the website of GharPeShiksha.

For Anne Gregory

For Anne, Gregory is a poem included in the class 10th English textbook First Flight. In verse, William Butler Yeats, a Nobel Laureate in literature, talks with a young girl Anne Gregory. The poet explains through this poem how a person falls in love with a girl because of her outer beauty ignoring her inner nature. He further adds that only God can love us for our noble nature. Students can read this poem along with the notes provided by GharPeShiksha. The PDF notes are made explicitly for the students to gain a better understanding of the chapters. The PDF Notes contain a summary of the poem in easy language, vocabulary with meaning, textbook exercise questions with solutions, previous year questions with solutions, important questions that may come in the exam, literary devices used in the poem, rhyming scheme analysis, and many more things all compiled by expert teachers of GharPeShiksha. This study material is available at the website of GharPeShiksha. Here is the PDF Files of this chapter.


Introduction to the lesson

W.B. Yeats has tried to touch a very important topic through his poem. He says that it is almost impossible to find a person in your life who loves you truly. By saying truly, he means the one who loves you for your qualities and not your looks. He says that only God loves us for what we are from inside.

Summary of the poem

The poem is basically a conversation between the poet, Yeats and a young girl named Anne Gregory. The poet tells her that if she finds a young boy who becomes sad because of her rejection, it doesn’t mean that he was a true lover. He could have been in love with her because of her beautiful yellow hair. This means that the boy might be in love with her because of her attractive looks. He says that a true lover will be the one who will love her for her inner qualities and not her looks. To this, Anne says that she will change her looks by dying her hair into some other colour. She will become less attractive and then, maybe, she will find a true love for herself. So, at last, he explains to her that the previous night, he had heard some religious man saying that only God loves us for what we are. This means that God never loves us for our looks but for our inner beauty.

Questions and Answers

NCERT Solutions

Thinking about the Poem (Page 141)

Question 1 : What does the young man mean by “great honey-coloured/ Ramparts at your ear?” Why does he say that young men are “thrown into despair” by them?

Answer : The young man in the poem praises the great honey-coloured hair of Anne. Anne’s hair have been called rampart, meaning a wall. It is called so because they act as a wall, as they prevent young men from looking beyond those yellow hair and into her soul. He hair are so attractive  that young men cannot look at anything else. Anne’s yellow hair are so pretty that young men hopelessly fall in love with her and feel despair. It is not possible that someone would love her alone and not her yellow hair.

Question 2 : What colour is the young woman’s hair? What does she say she can change it to? Why would she want to do so?

Answer : Anne’s hair are yellow, like the colour of honey. She says that she can change it to black , brown or carrot; she means that she can change it to any color she wants. Anne says so to show that outer beauty is changeable and not permanent or real. She wants young men to look into her soul and lover her for her inner beauty. In order to do so, she needs to show them the superficiality of her external beauty.

Question 3 : Objects have qualities that make them desirable to others. Can you think of some objects ( a car, a phone, a dress…) and say what qualities make one object more desirable than another? Imagine you were trying to sell an object: what qualities would you emphasise?

Answer : People desire objects because of their qualities that suit their needs. The things we consume, goods we use such as a car, a phone, a dress etc. physical qualities matter the most. Before buying anything, it is always considered that the object is durable and looks pretty.

If I were to sell a dress, I would select the one that is very appealing to the eye and comfortable for the body. I would emphasise on the durability of the dress so that the customer feels that he/she is pending his/her money at the right place and in the right thing.

Question 4 : What about people? Do we love others because we like their qualities, whether physical or mental? Or is it possible to love someone “for themselves alone”? Are some people ‘more lovable’ than others?

Discuss this question in pairs or in groups, considering points like the following.

i) A parent or caregiver’s love for a newborn baby, for a mentally or physically challenged child, for a clever child or a prodigy

ii) The public’s love for a film star, a sportsperson, a politician, or a social worker.

iii) Your love for a friend, or brother or sister

iv) Your love for a pet, and the pet’s love for you.

Answer : The students should attempt on their own.

Question 5 : You have perhaps concluded that people are not objects to be valued for their qualities or riches rather than for themselves. But elsewhere Yeats asks the question: How can we separate the dancer from the dance? Is it possible to separate ‘the person himself or herself’ from how the person looks, sounds, walks and so on? Think of how you or a friend or member of your family has changed over the years. Has your relationship also changed? In what way?

Answer : The students should attempt on their own.

Extra Questions

Extract Based Questions

Read the following extracts carefully and choose the correct option.

Question 1 : 

“Never shall a young man,

Thrown into despair

By those great honey-coloured

Ramparts at your ear,

Love you for yourself alone

And not your yellow hair.”

i) The poet tells that young men love Anne for her…………

a) beautiful looks

b) personality

c) sweet nature

d) honey coloured hair

ii) What is the colour of Anne’s hair?

a) Black

b) Brown

c) Honey coloured

d) Grey

iii) What does the word rampart meant here?

a) A wall

b) A boundary

c) A parapet

d) Lock of hair

iv) What does the word despair mean?

a) Hurt

b) Hopelessness

c) Frustration

d) Anguish

Answer : 

i) b) beautiful looks

ii) c) honey coloured

iii) d) Lock of hair

iv) b) Hopelessness

Question 2 :

“But I can get a hair-dye

And set such colour there,

Brown, or black, or carrot,

That young men in despair

May love me for myself alone

And not my yellow hair.”

i) Who is the speaker of these lines?

a) The poet

b) Anne Gregory

c) Some young men

d) None of these

ii) Why does Anne want to change her hair colour?

a) To attract others

b) To avoid other’s attraction

c) To show external beauty is not real

d) None of the above

iii) What does Anne want in reality?

a) Someone who loves her for her real self

b) Avoid people who are drawn to her outer beauty

c) To live alone

d) To find a suitable life partner

iv) What is the rhyming scheme of the poem?

a) aaab

b) abcbdb

c) aabbcc

d) aabcbc

Answer : 

i) b) Anne Gregory

ii) c) To show external beauty is not real

iii) a) Someone who loves her for her real self

iv) b) abcbdb

Question 3 : 

“I heard an old religious man

But yesternight declare

That he had found a text to prove

That only God, my dear,

Could love you for yourself alone

And not your yellow hair.”

i) Who is the poet of the poem?

a) Ogden Nash

b) WB Yeates

c) Walt Whitman

d) Card Sandburg

ii) What is the subject of this poem?

a) Beauty is temporary

b) Inner beauty is more important

c) Humans are drawn to external beauty only

d) All of the above

iii) Who found a ‘text’?

a) The poet

b) Anne Gregory

c) An old religious man

d) A young man

iv) Find a word from the passage which is an antonym of ‘conceal or hide’.

a) Proclaim

b) Declare

c) Mention

d) Raise

Answer : 

i) b) WB Yeates

ii) c) humans are drawn to external beauty only

iii) c) An old religious man

iv) b) Declare

Short Questions and Answers

Question 1 : Between Whom does the conversation in the poem take place?

Answer : The poem is a conversation between Anne and the another speaker,who could be the poet himself,or Anne’s lover or friend.The other speaker believes that young men love Anne for her external beauty but Anne says that external beauty is not real and young men should love her for herself.

Question 2 : What does the poet mean by,”those great honey-coloured ramparts at your ear”?

Answer : Ramparts here refer to locks of Anne’s beautiful yellow hair and external beauty that hides her soul and true nature and lets other people see only her outer self.The women’s honey-coloured hair attract many young men.

Question 3 : Why do young men love Anne for her hair and not for herself alone?

Answer : Anne Gregory is so beautiful that no man is capable of ignoring her external beauty and looking inside her real nature.Her attractive external features stop men from knowing the real person.This is what that makes the speaker say that young men love Anne for her hair and not for herself alone.

Long Questions and Answers

Question 1 : The poet in the poem ‘For Anne Gregory’ conveys that we should give importance to the inner beauty and not the physical appearance. Elaborate with reference to the poem.

Answer : In the conversation that takes place between Anne Gregory and another speaker, the poet has tried to show that inner beauty is real beauty whereas physical appearance is changeable and hence, unimportant. The first speaker says to Anne that young men love her for her beautiful yellow hair and may never love her for what she really is. To this, Anne replies that her hair-colour can be changed into black, brown or carrot, meaning that external beauty is all superficial and men should not love her for that. Through Anne’s reply, the poet has made clear his preference for internal beauty over physical appearance.

Question 2 : God does not love a person for his/her outer appearance but for the person himself. Elaborate.

Answer : God does not love any person for his/her out appearance and riches. Human beings pay attention to material things. To prove this, the pot/speaker mentioned a text found by an old religious man that proves that only God can love a person for himself/herself. We should not expect the same from human beings. Human beings prefer to see only outward beauty. The speaker tells that only God can be so great as to avoid external beauty and look beyond it. Man, on the other hand, falls for the things that appear pretty from the outside and never bothers about what lies inside. The poet wants to say that it is a truth since time immemorial that men can not easily judge women on anything other than their looks.

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